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What do the letters of bladder cancer stages mean?

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  • T: Measures how far the main tumor has grown through the bladder and whether it has spread into nearby tissues.
  • N: Describes whether cancer has spread into your lymph nodes, groups of cells that fight disease.
  • M: Describes whether the disease has spread into organs or lymph nodes that aren’t near the bladder (metastasized).

Your doctor will assign a Roman numeral after the letter. The higher the number, the more the cancer has spread.

From: What Are the Stages of Bladder Cancer? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Bladder cancer stages.”

Cancer Research UK: “Invasive and advanced bladder cancer stages and grading.”

American Cancer Society: “Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on November 18, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Bladder cancer stages.”

Cancer Research UK: “Invasive and advanced bladder cancer stages and grading.”

American Cancer Society: “Signs and symptoms of bladder cancer.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on November 18, 2018

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What do the numbers of bladder cancer stages mean?

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