Surgery is used to treat most stages of bladder cancer.
- Transurethral resection (TUR)Transurethral resection (TUR) is surgery done through the urethra. A thin, lighted tube called a cystoscope is used to remove or destroy tumors in the bladder.
- CystectomyCystectomy is surgery to remove the bladder.
- Urinary diversion is surgery that makes a new way for your body to store urine. This can be done with a pouch created inside your body from part of your intestines, called a continent reservoir. Or the surgeon may make an artificial opening, called an ileal conduit, and you will wear a flat bag to store urine outside your body.
The side effects of surgery may include: