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How is smoking linked to cervical dysplasia?

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Among women with a chronic HPV infection, smokers are twice as likely as nonsmokers to have severe cervical dysplasia, because smoking weakens your immune system.

From: Cervical Dysplasia WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Cleveland Clinic: "Cervical Dysplasia." American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Understanding Abnormal Pap Test Results." Reuters Health Information: "Ob/gyn group backs HPV vaccines for 11-12 year olds." American Cancer Society: "What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer?" and "Can Cervical Cancer Be Prevented?" College of American Pathologists: "Cervical Dysplasia." CDC: "HPV Vaccines."





Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on December 5, 2017

SOURCES: Cleveland Clinic: "Cervical Dysplasia." American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: "Understanding Abnormal Pap Test Results." Reuters Health Information: "Ob/gyn group backs HPV vaccines for 11-12 year olds." American Cancer Society: "What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer?" and "Can Cervical Cancer Be Prevented?" College of American Pathologists: "Cervical Dysplasia." CDC: "HPV Vaccines."





Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on December 5, 2017

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Who's more likely to have HPV?

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