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How can lumbar puncture (spinal tap) help in the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

ANSWER

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer that keeps immature stem cells from growing into healthy blood cells. A spinal tap test uses a needle to remove a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid, which surrounds your brain and spinal cord. The fluid is examined under a microscope to see if it contains leukemia cells.

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "How Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia Classified?" "How is Acute Myeloid Leukemia Diagnosed?"

American Society for Clinical Oncology: "Leukemia -- Acute Myeloid -- AML -- Diagnosis," "Leukemia -- Acute Myeloid -- AML -- Subtypes."

Mayo Clinic: "Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): Tests and diagnosis."

National Cancer Institute: "Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment (PDQ) - Patient Version."

Seattle Cancer Care Alliance: "Acute Myeloid Leukemia Symptoms & Diagnosis."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on March 13, 2017

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "How Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia Classified?" "How is Acute Myeloid Leukemia Diagnosed?"

American Society for Clinical Oncology: "Leukemia -- Acute Myeloid -- AML -- Diagnosis," "Leukemia -- Acute Myeloid -- AML -- Subtypes."

Mayo Clinic: "Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): Tests and diagnosis."

National Cancer Institute: "Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment (PDQ) - Patient Version."

Seattle Cancer Care Alliance: "Acute Myeloid Leukemia Symptoms & Diagnosis."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on March 13, 2017

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How can imaging tests help diagnose acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

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