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What are the risk factors for acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

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Acute myeloid leukemia risk factors include:

Although there is no way to completely prevent AML, you may lower your risk by not smoking and avoiding exposure to chemicals.

  • Smoking
  • Exposure to certain chemicals such as benzene (a solvent used in oil refineries and other industries and present in cigarette smoke), certain cleaning products, detergents, and paint strippers
  • Some chemotherapy drugs used to treat other cancers, such as mechlorethamine, procarbazine, and chlorambucil -- especially when combined with radiation therapy
  • Exposure to high doses of radiation
  • Certain blood disorders such as ¬†polycythemia vera or myeloproliferative disorders (for example, chronic myelogenous leukemia)
  • Some birth defects and disorders, such as Down syndrome
  • Being male

From: What Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "What is acute myeloid leukemia?" "How is acute myeloid leukemia classified?" "What are the risk factors for acute myeloid leukemia?" "How is acute myeloid leukemia diagnosed?" "Treating Leukemia -- Acute Myeloid (AML) Topics."

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society: "Leukemia Facts & Statistics," "Acute Myeloid Lymphoma."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on January 11, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "What is acute myeloid leukemia?" "How is acute myeloid leukemia classified?" "What are the risk factors for acute myeloid leukemia?" "How is acute myeloid leukemia diagnosed?" "Treating Leukemia -- Acute Myeloid (AML) Topics."

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society: "Leukemia Facts & Statistics," "Acute Myeloid Lymphoma."

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on January 11, 2019

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