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What are the risk factors for childhood leukemia?

ANSWER

Most kids with childhood leukemia don’t have any risk factors -- and doctors don’t know exactly what causes it. Some things that may increase a child’s or teen’s chances of getting it include:

  • Syndromes including Down Syndrome, Fanconi anemia,  or other genetic syndromes
  • Having another form of bone marrow disease
  • Having a sibling with leukemia, especially an identical twin
  • High-level radiation exposure (which can occur from treatment of a previous cancer)
  • Chemotherapy drugs and other chemicals, like benzene
  • Immune suppression therapy (such as for   recipients) organ transplant

From: What Are Blood and Bone Marrow Cancers? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “What Is Bone Cancer?”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Multiple Myeloma.”

American Cancer Society: “What Are the Risk Factors for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Are Bone Marrow Tests?”

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: “Multiple Myeloma Treatment.”

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: “Stem Cell Transplants.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on February 4, 2018

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “What Is Bone Cancer?”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Multiple Myeloma.”

American Cancer Society: “What Are the Risk Factors for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?”

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: “What Are Bone Marrow Tests?”

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: “Multiple Myeloma Treatment.”

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: “Stem Cell Transplants.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on February 4, 2018

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