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What are the stages of multiple myeloma?

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Your stage might be:

  • Smoldering myeloma. This is very early in the disease, when there are no symptoms or problems. The blood and kidneys are normal, and there is no bone damage. People who have smoldering myeloma often do not need treatment right away.
  • Stage I. There aren’t that many myeloma cells in the body. Doctors can’t see any bone damage on X-rays, or the cancer has damaged only one area of bone. The amount of calcium in the blood is normal. Other blood tests may be only slightly off-balance.
  • Stage II. This is the middle ground between stage I and stage III. There are more myeloma cells in the body than in stage I.
  • Stage III. There are many myeloma cells, and the cancer has destroyed three or more areas of bone. Blood calcium is high, and other blood tests are abnormal.

SOURCES:

The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: “Learn the Basics About Multiple Myeloma,” “Risk Factors for Multiple Myeloma,” “Multiple Myeloma Symptoms,” “Multiple Myeloma Tests.”

American Red Cross: “Plasma.”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Multiple Myeloma.”

The American Cancer Society: “Do We Know What Causes Multiple Myeloma?” “What Are the Risk Factors for Multiple Myeloma?” “Signs and Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma,” “Staging Multiple Myeloma,” “Diagnosing Multiple Myeloma from Test Results,” “How Is Multiple Myeloma Staged?”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on July 13, 2020

SOURCES:

The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation: “Learn the Basics About Multiple Myeloma,” “Risk Factors for Multiple Myeloma,” “Multiple Myeloma Symptoms,” “Multiple Myeloma Tests.”

American Red Cross: “Plasma.”

Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Multiple Myeloma.”

The American Cancer Society: “Do We Know What Causes Multiple Myeloma?” “What Are the Risk Factors for Multiple Myeloma?” “Signs and Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma,” “Staging Multiple Myeloma,” “Diagnosing Multiple Myeloma from Test Results,” “How Is Multiple Myeloma Staged?”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on July 13, 2020

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