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How many people die from the Whipple procedure?

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After the Whipple procedure was introduced, many surgeons were reluctant to perform it because it had a high death rate. As recently as the 1970s, up to 25% of patients either died during the surgery or shortly thereafter.

Since then, improvements in diagnosis, staging, surgical techniques, anesthesia, and pos-toperative care have reduced the short-term death rate to less than 4% in patients whose operation is performed at cancer centers by experienced surgeons. At some major centers, the reported death rate is less than 1%. However, the rate may still be above 15% in patients who are treated at small hospitals or by less experienced surgeons.

From: Whipple Procedure WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Pancreatic Cancer Surgery."

Mayoclinic.org: "Pancreatic Cancer Treatment."

Pancreatica.org: "What Is the Surgical Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer?"

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: "The Whipple Procedure."

Pri-med Patient Education Center: "The Whipple Procedure."

University of Southern California Department of Surgery - Center for Pancreatic and Biliary Diseases.

Hirshberg Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research.

 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on March 13, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Pancreatic Cancer Surgery."

Mayoclinic.org: "Pancreatic Cancer Treatment."

Pancreatica.org: "What Is the Surgical Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer?"

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: "The Whipple Procedure."

Pri-med Patient Education Center: "The Whipple Procedure."

University of Southern California Department of Surgery - Center for Pancreatic and Biliary Diseases.

Hirshberg Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research.

 

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on March 13, 2019

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