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What are the stages of pancreatic cancer?

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Doctors use stages to describe the extent of a cancer's spread during treatment. The stages of pancreatic cancer are used to guide treatment and to classify patients for clinical trials. The stages of pancreatic cancer are:

  • Stage 0: No spread. Pancreatic cancer is limited to a single layer of cells in the pancreas. The pancreatic cancer is not visible on imaging tests or even to the naked eye.
  • Stage I: Local growth. Pancreatic cancer is limited to the pancreas, but has grown to less than 2 centimeters across (stage IA) or greater than 2 centimeters (stage IB).
  • Stage II: Local spread. Pancreatic cancer has grown outside the pancreas, or has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: Wider spread. The tumor has expanded into nearby major blood vessels or nerves, but has not metastasized.
  • Stage IV: Confirmed spread. Pancreatic cancer has spread to distant organs.

From: Pancreatic Cancer Treatments by Stage WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Detailed Guide: Pancreatic Cancer."

National Cancer Institute: "Pancreatic Cancer."

Gunturu, KS. , March 2013. Med Oncol

 

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on February 28, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Detailed Guide: Pancreatic Cancer."

National Cancer Institute: "Pancreatic Cancer."

Gunturu, KS. , March 2013. Med Oncol

 

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on February 28, 2018

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What does metastatic pancreatic cancer mean?

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