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How are somatostatin analogues used to treat carcinoid syndrome?

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Somatostatin analogues are drugs that block the extra release of hormones that cause the symptoms of carcinoid syndrome. Octreotide is one example of this type of drug. It is typically given by injection. Symptoms such as diarrhea and flushing may subside quickly. Lanreotide is a similar type of drug that may also help with symptoms. These medications will not reduce the size of the tumor but may help slow its growth.

SOURCES:

The Carcinoid Cancer Foundation: "Newly Diagnosed: The Basics;" "Frequently Asked Questions;" "Treatment Options;" and "Nutritional Concern for the Carcinoid Patient."

National Cancer Institute: "Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment."

University of Minnesota Masonic Cancer Center: "Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment."

American Cancer Society: "Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors" and "Lung Carcinoid Tumor."

Oberg K. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology; 10th Ed., Saunders, 2003.

Medical College of Wisconsin: "Carcinoid Syndrome: Symptom Management."

Caring for Carcinoid Foundation: "Living Well With Carcinoid.

UpToDate.

merckmanuals.com

 

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on November 8, 2019

SOURCES:

The Carcinoid Cancer Foundation: "Newly Diagnosed: The Basics;" "Frequently Asked Questions;" "Treatment Options;" and "Nutritional Concern for the Carcinoid Patient."

National Cancer Institute: "Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment."

University of Minnesota Masonic Cancer Center: "Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment."

American Cancer Society: "Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors" and "Lung Carcinoid Tumor."

Oberg K. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology; 10th Ed., Saunders, 2003.

Medical College of Wisconsin: "Carcinoid Syndrome: Symptom Management."

Caring for Carcinoid Foundation: "Living Well With Carcinoid.

UpToDate.

merckmanuals.com

 

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on November 8, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

Other than octreotide and lanreotide, what drugs can control specific symptoms of carcinoid syndrome?

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