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How do you diagnose esophageal cancer?

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Your doctor will review your symptoms, medical history, and examine you. You may get blood tests and X-rays. Your doctor may want you to swallow a liquid with barium in it before an X-ray to coat your esophagus so it's easier to find certain problems.

Endoscopy is when the doctor uses a thin, lighted tube to look down into your throat. Endoscopic ultrasound uses sound waves to see nearby tissues.

Biopsy removes a bit of tissue that gets checked under a microscope for cancer cells.

Other tests may be done to see if the cancer has spread outside of the esophagus (a process called staging) to help your doctor plan your treatment.

From: Esophageal Cancer WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Esophagus Cancer." 

National Cancer Institute: "Esophageal Cancer Treatment."

American Society of Oncology: “Esophageal Cancer Guide.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on January 15, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Esophagus Cancer." 

National Cancer Institute: "Esophageal Cancer Treatment."

American Society of Oncology: “Esophageal Cancer Guide.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on January 15, 2018

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