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How do you treat myelodysplastic syndrome?

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It depends on the type of MDS you have and how severe it is.

If your symptoms are mild and your blood counts are holding up OK, a watchful waiting approach with regular check-ups may be enough.

Low-intensity treatment includes:

High-intensity treatment is:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunosuppressive therapy
  • Blood transfusions
  • Iron chelation
  • Growth factors
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Combo chemotherapy, with several drugs

SOURCES:

National Cancer Institute: "General Information About Myelodysplastic Syndromes."

American Cancer Society: "Myelodysplastic Syndromes."

DeAngelo, D, Myelodysplastic Syndromes: Biology and Treatment, in Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice, Saunders Elsevier, 2013.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "What is Fanconi Anemia?"

National Library of Medicine: "Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome," "Severe Congenital Neutropenia."

Ferri's Netter Patient Advisor: "Managing your myelodysplastic syndrome."

Nemours (KidsHealth.org): “About Down Syndrome.”

NIH. U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Bloom syndrome,” “Ataxia-telangiectasia,” “Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria,” “Severe congenital neutropenia.”

American Cancer Society: “Benzene and Cancer Risk.”

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on March 13, 2019

SOURCES:

National Cancer Institute: "General Information About Myelodysplastic Syndromes."

American Cancer Society: "Myelodysplastic Syndromes."

DeAngelo, D, Myelodysplastic Syndromes: Biology and Treatment, in Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice, Saunders Elsevier, 2013.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "What is Fanconi Anemia?"

National Library of Medicine: "Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome," "Severe Congenital Neutropenia."

Ferri's Netter Patient Advisor: "Managing your myelodysplastic syndrome."

Nemours (KidsHealth.org): “About Down Syndrome.”

NIH. U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Bloom syndrome,” “Ataxia-telangiectasia,” “Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria,” “Severe congenital neutropenia.”

American Cancer Society: “Benzene and Cancer Risk.”

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on March 13, 2019

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