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What are cancer vaccines?

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You probably think of a vaccine as something you get to prevent an infection like the flu. But it can be any compound that’s put into your body to start an immune reaction. Vaccines treat cancer by spurring your immune system to attack tumor cells. They can be made of dead cancer cells, proteins or pieces or proteins from cancer cells, or immune system cells. Researchers are working on several right now, but only one is fully approved. Sipuleucel-T (Provenge) is used to treat advanced prostate cancer that doesn’t respond to other therapies.

From: Types of Immunotherapy WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Cancer Vaccines,” “Immune checkpoint inhibitors to treat cancer,” “Monoclonal antibodies to treat cancer,” “Non-specific cancer immunotherapies and adjuvants,” “What is cancer immunotherapy?” “What’s new in cancer immunotherapy research?”

National Cancer Institute: “Immunotherapy.”

Mayo Clinic: “What cancers may be treated with monoclonal antibody drugs?”

Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal : “Adoptive T Cell Immunotherapy for Cancer.”

MD Anderson Cancer Center: “Immunotherapy.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on January 20, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Cancer Vaccines,” “Immune checkpoint inhibitors to treat cancer,” “Monoclonal antibodies to treat cancer,” “Non-specific cancer immunotherapies and adjuvants,” “What is cancer immunotherapy?” “What’s new in cancer immunotherapy research?”

National Cancer Institute: “Immunotherapy.”

Mayo Clinic: “What cancers may be treated with monoclonal antibody drugs?”

Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal : “Adoptive T Cell Immunotherapy for Cancer.”

MD Anderson Cancer Center: “Immunotherapy.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on January 20, 2019

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How is immunotherapy used for adoptive T cell transfer?

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