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How is tumor ablation done to treat primary liver cancer?

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A number of treatments kill tumors without removing them from your body. This is called tumor ablation and can be done with:

  • Alcohol. Your doctor injects pure alcohol into the tumor to kill the cancer cells.
  • Freezing. Your doctor uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy the tumor.
  • Heat. Your doctor uses probes with either electricity (radiofrequency ablation) or microwaves (microwave thermotherapy) to heat and kill the tumor.

From: What is Primary Liver Cancer? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: NIH, National Cancer Institute: “Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) -- Patient Version.”

American Cancer Society: “What Is Cancer?” “What Is Liver Cancer?” “Liver Cancer Risk Factors,” “Tests for Liver Cancer,” “Liver Cancer Treatment,” “Tumor Ablation for Liver Cancer,” “Embolization Therapy for Liver Cancer,” “Targeted Therapy for Liver Cancer,” “Chemotherapy for Liver Cancer.”

Cancer Research UK: “Liver Cancer.”

Mayo Clinic: “Liver Cancer,” “Hemochromatosis,” “Wilson’s disease.”

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center: “Liver Cancer Facts.”

American Liver Foundation: “Liver Cancer.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Liver Cancer -- Cancer Institute Overview.”

Reviewed by William Blahd on November 18, 2016

SOURCES: NIH, National Cancer Institute: “Adult Primary Liver Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) -- Patient Version.”

American Cancer Society: “What Is Cancer?” “What Is Liver Cancer?” “Liver Cancer Risk Factors,” “Tests for Liver Cancer,” “Liver Cancer Treatment,” “Tumor Ablation for Liver Cancer,” “Embolization Therapy for Liver Cancer,” “Targeted Therapy for Liver Cancer,” “Chemotherapy for Liver Cancer.”

Cancer Research UK: “Liver Cancer.”

Mayo Clinic: “Liver Cancer,” “Hemochromatosis,” “Wilson’s disease.”

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center: “Liver Cancer Facts.”

American Liver Foundation: “Liver Cancer.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Liver Cancer -- Cancer Institute Overview.”

Reviewed by William Blahd on November 18, 2016

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How is embolization therapy (reduced blood flow) used to treat liver cancer?

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