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How is vaginal cancer diagnosed?

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If a pelvic exam or a Pap test shows you may have vaginal cancer, your doctor may want to take a closer look with a procedure called colposcopy. She’ll use a lighted magnifying instrument -- a colposcope -- to check your vagina and cervix for anything abnormal. She might take tissue samples at the same time. A specialist will study the samples under a microscope. This is called a biopsy.

SOURCES:

National Cancer Institute: “Vaginal Cancer Treatment.”

American Society of Clinical Oncology: “Vaginal Cancer: Risk Factors and Prevention.”

CDC: “Vaginal and Vulvar Cancers.”

American Cancer Society: “Vaginal Cancer.”

Mayo Clinic: “Cancer Treatment for Women: Possible Sexual Side Effects.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on January 19, 2020

SOURCES:

National Cancer Institute: “Vaginal Cancer Treatment.”

American Society of Clinical Oncology: “Vaginal Cancer: Risk Factors and Prevention.”

CDC: “Vaginal and Vulvar Cancers.”

American Cancer Society: “Vaginal Cancer.”

Mayo Clinic: “Cancer Treatment for Women: Possible Sexual Side Effects.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on January 19, 2020

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