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What are some examples of immunotherapy treatments that do not target cancer cells directly?

ANSWER

Some immunotherapy treatments don't target cancer cells directly. Instead, they make your immune more effective.

Examples:

  • Bacille Calmette-Guérin -- early bladder cancer
  • Imiquimod (Zyclara) -- early skin cancer
  • Interleukin-2 (IL-2) -- kidney cancer, melanoma that have spread
  • Interferons (IFN-alpha, IFN-beta, IFN-gamma) -- some types of leukemia and lymphoma, kidney cancer, melanoma, Kaposi sarcoma
  • Lenalidomide (Revlimid), pomalidomide (Pomalyst), thalidomide (Thalomid) -- multiple myeloma

From: Is Immunotherapy Right for You? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Cancer Vaccines," "Immune checkpoint inhibitors to treat cancer," "Monoclonal antibodies to treat cancer," "Non-specific cancer immunotherapies and adjuvants," "What is cancer immunotherapy?"

Cancer Research Institute: “The Answer to Cancer: Benefits of Cancer Immunotherapy,” “What Is Cancer Immunotherapy?: Lung Cancer,” “What Is Cancer Immunotherapy?: Lymphoma,” “What Is Cancer Immunotherapy?: Melanoma."

National Cancer Institute: "Atezolizumab," "Bevacizumab," "Immunotherapy," "Ipilimumab," "Nivolumab," "Pembrolizumab."

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society: "Immunotherapy."

Cleveland Clinic: "Immunotherapy."

Cancer Immunity : “Monoclonal antibodies in cancer therapy.”

Cancer Care: "What is Immunotherapy?"

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on January 23, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Cancer Vaccines," "Immune checkpoint inhibitors to treat cancer," "Monoclonal antibodies to treat cancer," "Non-specific cancer immunotherapies and adjuvants," "What is cancer immunotherapy?"

Cancer Research Institute: “The Answer to Cancer: Benefits of Cancer Immunotherapy,” “What Is Cancer Immunotherapy?: Lung Cancer,” “What Is Cancer Immunotherapy?: Lymphoma,” “What Is Cancer Immunotherapy?: Melanoma."

National Cancer Institute: "Atezolizumab," "Bevacizumab," "Immunotherapy," "Ipilimumab," "Nivolumab," "Pembrolizumab."

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society: "Immunotherapy."

Cleveland Clinic: "Immunotherapy."

Cancer Immunity : “Monoclonal antibodies in cancer therapy.”

Cancer Care: "What is Immunotherapy?"

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on January 23, 2019

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What are some questions someone can ask to see if immunotherapy is right for them?

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