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What are the stages of medullary thyroid cancer?

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The following information applies to everyone who has this type of cancer, no matter their age.

  • Stage I -- The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller. It’s only in your thyroid.
  • Stage II -- It’s larger than 2 centimeters and found only in your thyroid. Or, it’s any size but has spread to tissues beyond your thyroid. It hasn’t spread to your lymph nodes.
  • Stage III -- It may be smaller or larger than 2 centimeters and may also be in the tissues beyond your thyroid. The cancer is now in the lymph nodes near your voice box and windpipe.
  • Stage IV -- As with follicular and papillary thyroid cancer, stage IV means that the cancer has spread to distant sites in your body, and the letters “A,” “B,” and “C” indicate where it has gone.

SOURCES

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinology: “AACE/AAES Medical/Surgical Guidelines for Clinical Practice: Management of Thyroid Carcinoma.”

American Thyroid Association: “Thyroid Cancer.”

American Cancer Society: “Thyroid Cancer.”

 

Reviewed by Suchita Pakkala on October 30, 2016

SOURCES

American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinology: “AACE/AAES Medical/Surgical Guidelines for Clinical Practice: Management of Thyroid Carcinoma.”

American Thyroid Association: “Thyroid Cancer.”

American Cancer Society: “Thyroid Cancer.”

 

Reviewed by Suchita Pakkala on October 30, 2016

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How does a tumor-induced hypermetabolic state cause cancer-related fatigue?

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