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What are treatments for different stages of esophageal cancer?

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Treatment options esophageal cancer are different stages of include:

  • Stage 0: Surgery, photodynamic therapy, radiofrequency ablation, or endoscopic muscosal resection
  • Stage I, II, and III: Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation
  • Stage IV: Chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy, immunotherapy (Treatment for stage IV focuses on "palliative" therapy, to relieve the pain and difficulty swallowing caused by the cancer.)

From: Esophageal Cancer WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Esophagus Cancer." 

National Cancer Institute: "Esophageal Cancer Treatment."

American Society of Oncology: “Esophageal Cancer Guide.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on January 15, 2018

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Esophagus Cancer." 

National Cancer Institute: "Esophageal Cancer Treatment."

American Society of Oncology: “Esophageal Cancer Guide.”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on January 15, 2018

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