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What imaging tests are used to diagnose throat cancer?

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Imaging tests can help doctors find a tumor. They can also show how big it is and if it has spread. These include:

If cancer of the oropharynx is found, the sample may be tested for HPV. Usually, someone's health outlook is better if their disease tests positive for this virus rather than being smoking-related cancer.

  • MRI or CT scan
  • PET scan
  • X-rays

SOURCES:

MD Anderson Cancer Center: “Throat Cancer Facts."

Mayo Clinic: “Throat Cancer.”

The Cleveland Clinic: “Exploring Options for Head & Neck Cancer.”

Mount Sinai Hospital: “What is Throat Cancer?”

American Society of Clinical Oncologists: “Head and Neck Cancer: Risk Factors and Prevention.”

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: “Alcohol and Public Health,” “HPV Vaccines: Vaccinating Your Preteen or Teen.”

National Cancer Institute: “Oropharyngeal Cancer Treatment,” “Stages of Oropharyngeal Cancer,” “Stages of Laryngeal Cancer.”

American Cancer Society: “Lifestyle changes after laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on March 18, 2018

SOURCES:

MD Anderson Cancer Center: “Throat Cancer Facts."

Mayo Clinic: “Throat Cancer.”

The Cleveland Clinic: “Exploring Options for Head & Neck Cancer.”

Mount Sinai Hospital: “What is Throat Cancer?”

American Society of Clinical Oncologists: “Head and Neck Cancer: Risk Factors and Prevention.”

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: “Alcohol and Public Health,” “HPV Vaccines: Vaccinating Your Preteen or Teen.”

National Cancer Institute: “Oropharyngeal Cancer Treatment,” “Stages of Oropharyngeal Cancer,” “Stages of Laryngeal Cancer.”

American Cancer Society: “Lifestyle changes after laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on March 18, 2018

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