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What is metastatic renal cell carcinoma?

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Metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma) that has spread to other parts of your body. You might also hear it called stage IV kidney cancer. Sometimes, doctors can cure it. More often though, treatment is about slowing the disease down and managing symptoms to help you feel as good as possible.

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Kidney Cancer,” “Managing Cancer as a Chronic Illness.”

NIH, National Cancer Institute: “Renal Cell Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) -- Patient Version.”

Mayo Clinic: “Kidney Cancer.”

UpToDate: “Patient education: Renal cell carcinoma (kidney cancer) (Beyond the Basics).”

U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Challenges in the long-term management of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with targeted therapy: Optimizing surgery, systemic therapy and quality of life.”

Penn Medicine, OncoLink: “All About Kidney Cancer.”

Kidney Cancer Association: “About Kidney Cancer,” “Living with Kidney Cancer.”

Medscape: “Renal Cell Carcinoma.”

Annals of Oncology : “Targeting pulmonary metastases of renal cell carcinoma by inhalation of interleukin-2.”

Journal of Clinical Oncology : “Minor Symptoms Are Suggestive of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma if C-Reactive Protein Remains High After Curative Nephrectomy.”

Cancer Research UK: “Kidney Cancer.”

Kidney Cancer UK: “Understanding Kidney Cancer.”

Macmillan Cancer Support: “Controlling Symptoms and Side Effects.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on September 11, 2017

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Kidney Cancer,” “Managing Cancer as a Chronic Illness.”

NIH, National Cancer Institute: “Renal Cell Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) -- Patient Version.”

Mayo Clinic: “Kidney Cancer.”

UpToDate: “Patient education: Renal cell carcinoma (kidney cancer) (Beyond the Basics).”

U.S. National Library of Medicine: “Challenges in the long-term management of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with targeted therapy: Optimizing surgery, systemic therapy and quality of life.”

Penn Medicine, OncoLink: “All About Kidney Cancer.”

Kidney Cancer Association: “About Kidney Cancer,” “Living with Kidney Cancer.”

Medscape: “Renal Cell Carcinoma.”

Annals of Oncology : “Targeting pulmonary metastases of renal cell carcinoma by inhalation of interleukin-2.”

Journal of Clinical Oncology : “Minor Symptoms Are Suggestive of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma if C-Reactive Protein Remains High After Curative Nephrectomy.”

Cancer Research UK: “Kidney Cancer.”

Kidney Cancer UK: “Understanding Kidney Cancer.”

Macmillan Cancer Support: “Controlling Symptoms and Side Effects.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on September 11, 2017

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What are the treatments for metastatic renal cell carcinoma?

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