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What is radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer?

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  • Radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer uses X-rays to kill cancer cells and stop them from growing. It is usually part of the standard treatment for early stage nasopharyngeal cancer. One type called IMRT delivers high-dose radiation directly to the tumor while minimizing damage to nearby healthy tissue. It may cause fewer side effects or complications than conventional radiation treatment to the nasopharynx, which can lead to: dry mouth
  • inflammation of the lining of your mouth and throat
  • blindness
  • brain stem injury
  • death of healthy tissue

From: Nasopharyngeal Cancer WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society web site: "Nasopharyngeal Cancer."

National Cancer Institute web site: "Nasopharyngeal Cancer."

Cummings, C.W., Flint, P.W., Haughey, B.H., editors. 5th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2010. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery.

Carey, W.D., editor, , 2nd ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2010. Cleveland Clinic: Current Clinical Medicine 2010

Abeloff, M.D., Armitage, J.O., Niederhuber, J.E., Kastan, M.B., McKenna, W.G., editors, , 4th ed., Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2008. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology

Hui, E.P., Chan, A.T.C., Le, Q-T. "Treatment of early and locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma," UpToDate version 19.2; September 2011, last updated Nov. 14, 2011.

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on January 20, 2020

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society web site: "Nasopharyngeal Cancer."

National Cancer Institute web site: "Nasopharyngeal Cancer."

Cummings, C.W., Flint, P.W., Haughey, B.H., editors. 5th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2010. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery.

Carey, W.D., editor, , 2nd ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2010. Cleveland Clinic: Current Clinical Medicine 2010

Abeloff, M.D., Armitage, J.O., Niederhuber, J.E., Kastan, M.B., McKenna, W.G., editors, , 4th ed., Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2008. Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology

Hui, E.P., Chan, A.T.C., Le, Q-T. "Treatment of early and locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma," UpToDate version 19.2; September 2011, last updated Nov. 14, 2011.

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on January 20, 2020

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