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What medications are used to treat nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy?

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You might take one of these medicines to block signals to the part of your brain that makes you ill:

You get these medicines through a vein (IV) or by mouth. Aloxi keeps working for a few days, so it can prevent delayed nausea and vomiting.

A few other types of drugs can also help:

  • Aprepitant (Emend)
  • Dolasetron (Anzemet)
  • Granisetron (Kytril)
  • Ondansetron (Zofran)
  • Palonosetron (Aloxi)
  • Anti-anxiety drugs: alprazolam (Niravam, Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan)
  • Cannabinoids: nabilone (Cesamet)
  • Corticosteroids: dexamethasone (Decadron, Hexadrol) and methylprednisolone (Medrol)
  • Dopamine antagonists: metoclopramide (Reglan) and prochlorperazine
  • Motion sickness medicines: scopolamine patch (Transderm Scop)

American Cancer Society: "Evolution of Cancer Treatments: Chemotherapy."

CancerCare: "Coping With Nausea and Vomiting From Chemotherapy," “Understanding and Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects.”

The Oncologist : "Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: The Importance of Acute Antiemetic Control."

University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center: “Electrolyte Imbalance.”

National Comprehensive Cancer Network: "Nausea and Vomiting."

Lungcancer.org: "Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (CINV)."

Journal of Clinical Oncology : "Systematic Review of Acupuncture in Cancer Care: A Synthesis of the Evidence."

Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings : "Acupuncture as a complementary therapy in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting."

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Cancer: "Acupuncture for chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting."

University of Michigan Medicine: "Cancer: Controlling Nausea and Vomiting from Chemotherapy."

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews: "Hypnosis for nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy: a systematic review of the research evidence."

Mayo Clinic: "Chemotherapy nausea and vomiting: Prevention is best defense."

Cancer Research UK: “Sickness (nausea) and cancer drugs.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on August 19, 2018

American Cancer Society: "Evolution of Cancer Treatments: Chemotherapy."

CancerCare: "Coping With Nausea and Vomiting From Chemotherapy," “Understanding and Managing Chemotherapy Side Effects.”

The Oncologist : "Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: The Importance of Acute Antiemetic Control."

University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center: “Electrolyte Imbalance.”

National Comprehensive Cancer Network: "Nausea and Vomiting."

Lungcancer.org: "Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting (CINV)."

Journal of Clinical Oncology : "Systematic Review of Acupuncture in Cancer Care: A Synthesis of the Evidence."

Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings : "Acupuncture as a complementary therapy in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting."

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Cancer: "Acupuncture for chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting."

University of Michigan Medicine: "Cancer: Controlling Nausea and Vomiting from Chemotherapy."

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews: "Hypnosis for nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy: a systematic review of the research evidence."

Mayo Clinic: "Chemotherapy nausea and vomiting: Prevention is best defense."

Cancer Research UK: “Sickness (nausea) and cancer drugs.”

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin on August 19, 2018

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Are drugs the only option for treating nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy?

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