Birth Defects Directory
About 3% of U.S. babies -- around 120,000 newborns per year -- are born with any of 45 types of birth defects. Some birth defects have only a mild impact on a child's life, while others can be devastating, and even life-threatening. Many birth defects can be identified during pregnancy with prenatal testing. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about birth defects, what causes them, how they can be prevented, and much more.
What Is Microcephaly?
Microcephaly means "small head." It happens when a baby's brain stops growing or developing. Gene problems may be to blame, but alcohol, drugs, and infections can also be a cause.
What is Trisomy 18? Causes, Diagnosis, and More
WebMD explains the causes and diagnosis of trisomy 18, a chromosomal abnormality that often results in stillbirth or an early death of an infant.
Pregnancy and Chorionic Villus Sampling
WebMD explains chorionic villus sampling (CVS), a prenatal test that helps detect birth defects, genetic diseases, and other problems early in a pregnancy.
What Is Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva?
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive (FOP) is a rare condition that causes soft tissue, such as muscle and ligaments, to turn into bone. Learn more about what causes it, what it leads to, and how your doctor tests for it.
Pediatric Palliative Care: Easing Your Child's Suffering
Bringing normalcy to families' lives is a goal of pediatric palliative care, also known as pediatric advanced care (PAC). Many families, however, resist palliative care because they think it's limited to end-of-life care.
Giving Baby a Chance, Before Birth
Fetal surgery for spina bifida is experimental, but doctors and parents hold out hope.
A User's Guide to Prenatal Tests
A Guide to Basic Tests