Birth Defects Directory
About 3% of U.S. babies -- around 120,000 newborns per year -- are born with any of 45 types of birth defects. Some birth defects have only a mild impact on a child's life, while others can be devastating, and even life-threatening. Many birth defects can be identified during pregnancy with prenatal testing. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about birth defects, what causes them, how they can be prevented, and much more.
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tetralogy of Fallot, a congenital heart defect, can be mild or life-threatening. Learn about the symptoms and treatment of this condition.
What Is Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva?
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressive (FOP) is a rare condition that causes soft tissue, such as muscle and ligaments, to turn into bone. Learn more about what causes it, what it leads to, and how your doctor tests for it.
What Are the Symptoms of Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome can affect how a person looks and thinks, and it's sometimes linked with other health problems, as well. Learn more about the symptoms of Down syndrome and common medical problems people may have with it.
What Is an Ashkenazi Jewish Genetic Panel?
Jewish people from Central or Eastern Europe are at higher risk of some diseases. This blood test can show if you’ll pass one on to your children.
Pediatric Palliative Care: Easing Your Child's Suffering
Bringing normalcy to families' lives is a goal of pediatric palliative care, also known as pediatric advanced care (PAC). Many families, however, resist palliative care because they think it's limited to end-of-life care.
Giving Baby a Chance, Before Birth
Fetal surgery for spina bifida is experimental, but doctors and parents hold out hope.
A User's Guide to Prenatal Tests
A Guide to Basic Tests