mom and daughter with doctor
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Get a Preseason Checkup

Your child's pediatrician will make sure they don't have any injuries or health issues that might be risky on the field or court. Make an appointment about 6 weeks before her first team practice so you'll have time to take care of any problems the doctor finds.

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little league team
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Pick the Right Team

Choose a league that's right for your child's age, size, and abilities. Playing against much bigger kids can lead to injuries. If he's new to the sport, start with a less competitive team. He can always move up to the next level once his skills improve. Also, make sure the coaches have experience, don't push the players too hard, and teach the kids the techniques they need to stay safe.

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mom and daughter stretching
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Start Training Early

Get your kid ready with a fitness program before the season begins. Have her run a few laps each day to get into shape. Also practice the skills she'll need to play on a team -- like throwing and catching a ball, shooting baskets, or kicking the soccer ball into a goal. Teach her the rules of the sport if she's a rookie.

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kids in hockey helmets
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Wear the Right Gear

Play it smart. Make sure your child knows that safety equipment isn't optional. Helmets are a must for sports like baseball, lacrosse, and hockey. Same goes for riding a bike or rollerblading. For some activities, they may also need wrist, knee, shin, and elbow guards. Check that everything fits them well and is in good shape. If you notice any missing pieces, worn padding, or cracks, buy new stuff.

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boy tying soccer cleats
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Find Comfy Shoes

The right fit is more important than price and brand name. Match the sneaker to the sport. Ones with cleats prevent slips on football and soccer fields. Running shoes are best for track. When you shop, have your child try them on with the type of socks he plans to wear when he plays. Make sure he has enough room to wiggle his toes and there's space the width of a finger between the top of his longest toe and the end of the shoe.

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soccer players stretching
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Warm Up and Cool Down

She's less likely to get hurt when she's loose and limber. For 5 to 10 minutes before she starts to play, ask her to walk, jog in place, or do some stretches like toe touches or knee lifts. After the game, get her to cool off for 10 minutes. It will slow her heart rate, stretch out tight muscles, and help her body recover from exercise.

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closeup of baseball field
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Check the Field Condition

When your child runs full-steam toward the goal or end zone, she might not notice a hole in the ground -- until it trips them up. Before each game, make sure a coach or parent does a walk-through of the field. Look for stumps, branches, or anything that can make them stumble. And don't let her play if the surface is soggy or slippery.

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dad with injured kid
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Don't Play Through Pain

When he hurts, it's a sign your child has an injury. Get him off the field or court right away. If he keeps playing it can cause more damage. See a doctor. Your kid may need an X-ray or other tests to figure out the source of the pain. If it's a broken bone or another serious problem, he'll need to sit out until it's completely healed.

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mom with daughter on playground
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Keep Watch at The Playground

Check out the equipment and make sure there aren't any hidden dangers like missing guard rails. Keep an eye on your kid during playtime. And never go down a slide with a toddler on your lap. Your child's leg could get stuck or twisted on the way down, causing a shinbone fracture.

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child on trampoline
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Be Wary of Trampolines

They're fun to bounce on, but they injure thousands of kids each year. Flips and missed landings cause most of the problems. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests you don't get one for your backyard. If you choose to let your kids go on them, make sure they use it one at a time -- and avoid somersaults. Check to see that the padding is in good shape and the net doesn't have any holes.

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mom pouring milk
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Eat Well and Stay Active

Sturdy bones are less likely to break. Help your child build his up with diet and exercise. Make sure he gets lots of calcium and vitamin D from foods like milk, yogurt, fortified orange juice, and salmon. Encourage exercise like running, dancing, tennis, basketball, and gymnastics.

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 09/29/2017 Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava, MD on September 29, 2017



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American Academy of Pediatrics: "Trampolines: What You Need to Know."

American Academy of Pediatric Sports Medicine: "Your Children's Feet."

American College of Sports Medicine: "Basic Injury Prevention Concepts."

CDC: "Playground Injuries: Fact Sheet," "Sports Safety."

Gaffney, J.T. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, September 2009.

National Association for Sport and Physical Education: "Choosing the Right Sport and Physical Activity Program for Your Child."

Nemours Foundation: "Broken Bones," "Playground Safety," "Sports Physicals," "What Happens if You Keep Playing Sports When You're Injured?"

Reviewed by Hansa D. Bhargava, MD on September 29, 2017

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

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