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Can HIV spread to a baby before birth?

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Yes. Almost all U.S. children under age 13 who have HIV got it from their mothers during pregnancy. If the mother has HIV, tests might not show that her baby has it at birth, but it can show up later, even 6 months. The baby might have symptoms like delayed growth, pneumonia, or swollen lymph nodes and abdomen. If you have HIV and are pregnant or plan to get pregnant, anti-retroviral medications can help lower your chances of passing the virus on to your baby.

From: What Is TORCH Syndrome? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Boston Children’s Hospital: “TORCH in Children,” “Cytomegalovirus,” “Toxoplasmosis,” “Cold Sores,” “Congenital Rubella,” “Congenital Varicella,” “Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) in Children.”

National Organization for Rare Disorders: TORCH Syndrome.

AIDS.gov: “Pregnancy & Childbirth.”

CDC: “Parvovirus B19 and Fifth Disease,” “Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Congenital CMV Infection.”

National CMV Foundation: “CMV Prevention and Healthy Pregnancy Tips.”

World Health Organization: “Herpes simplex virus”

American Sexual Health Association: “Herpes & Pregnancy.”

 

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on September 09, 2018

SOURCES: Boston Children’s Hospital: “TORCH in Children,” “Cytomegalovirus,” “Toxoplasmosis,” “Cold Sores,” “Congenital Rubella,” “Congenital Varicella,” “Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) in Children.”

National Organization for Rare Disorders: TORCH Syndrome.

AIDS.gov: “Pregnancy & Childbirth.”

CDC: “Parvovirus B19 and Fifth Disease,” “Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Congenital CMV Infection.”

National CMV Foundation: “CMV Prevention and Healthy Pregnancy Tips.”

World Health Organization: “Herpes simplex virus”

American Sexual Health Association: “Herpes & Pregnancy.”

 

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on September 09, 2018

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