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How are lysosomal storage disorders treated?

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Lysosomal storage disorder is an inherited condition that happens when you’re missing important enzymes that help your body break down proteins, carbs, and other substances. It has no cure, but a few treatments may help. They include medicine, surgery, physical therapy, and dialysis to get rid of toxic substances from your body. Other treatments may include:

  • Enzyme replacement therapy delivers the missing enzyme through a vein (IV).
  • Substrate reduction therapy reduces the substance that is building up in the cells. For example, the drug miglustat (Zavesca) treats one form of Gaucher disease.
  • Stem cell transplant uses donated cells to help the body make the enzyme it's missing.

From: What Are Lysosomal Storage Disorders? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: MLD Foundation: "What is MLD?"

Mount Sinai Hospital: "Lysosomal Storage Disease."

National Fabry Disease Foundation: "Symptoms Overview." "What Is Fabry Disease?"

National Gaucher Foundation: "Symptoms of Gaucher Disease." "What Is Gaucher Disease?"

National Human Genome Research Institute: "Learning About Gaucher Disease." "Learning About Tay-Sachs Disease."

National MPS Society: "MPS Diseases."

National Niemann-Pick Disease Foundation, Inc.: "Niemann-Pick Disease Overview."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Lysosomal Storage Disorders."

"Mucopolysaccharidoses." "Pompe Disease."

National Tay-Sachs & Allied Diseases Association: "Lysosomal Storage Diseases."

United Leukodystrophy Foundation: "Krabbe Disease."

National Tay-Sachs & Allied Diseases Association of Delaware Valley: "Tay-Sachs Disease."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Krabbe Disease." "Metachromatic leukodystrophy." "Pompe Disease." "Tay-Sachs Disease."

Elmhurst College, “Role of Enzymes in Biochemical Reactions.”

Reviewed by Dan Brennan on October 17, 2018

SOURCES: MLD Foundation: "What is MLD?"

Mount Sinai Hospital: "Lysosomal Storage Disease."

National Fabry Disease Foundation: "Symptoms Overview." "What Is Fabry Disease?"

National Gaucher Foundation: "Symptoms of Gaucher Disease." "What Is Gaucher Disease?"

National Human Genome Research Institute: "Learning About Gaucher Disease." "Learning About Tay-Sachs Disease."

National MPS Society: "MPS Diseases."

National Niemann-Pick Disease Foundation, Inc.: "Niemann-Pick Disease Overview."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Lysosomal Storage Disorders."

"Mucopolysaccharidoses." "Pompe Disease."

National Tay-Sachs & Allied Diseases Association: "Lysosomal Storage Diseases."

United Leukodystrophy Foundation: "Krabbe Disease."

National Tay-Sachs & Allied Diseases Association of Delaware Valley: "Tay-Sachs Disease."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Krabbe Disease." "Metachromatic leukodystrophy." "Pompe Disease." "Tay-Sachs Disease."

Elmhurst College, “Role of Enzymes in Biochemical Reactions.”

Reviewed by Dan Brennan on October 17, 2018

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