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What is retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)?

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Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) occurs most often in premature and low-birth-weight babies. It stems from the development of abnormal blood vessels or scarring in the eye's retina. The problem often resolves itself on its own, but severe ROP can result in permanent vision impairment or blindness.

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control web site: "Vision Impairment." American Academy of Ophthalmology web site, "Children's Eye Health and Safety" and "How Often Should I Have My Child's Eyes Screened?" National Information Center on Children and Youth With Disabilities web site, "Vision Impairments." American Foundation for the Blind web site, "Your Rights as Parents." American Federation for the Blind web site, "How Babies Learn," "Setting Limits and Building Confidence," "Education: What Families Need to Know," and "Living With Vision Loss." Prevent Blindness America web site, "Signs of Possible Eye Problems in Children," and "Guidelines for Children's Vision Health." Nemours Foundation web site, "Your Child's Vision." Blind Babies Foundation web site, "Unique Needs of Children With Visual Impairments" and "Pediatric Visual Diagnosis Fact Sheet."

Reviewed by Brian S. Boxer Wachler on March 12, 2018

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control web site: "Vision Impairment." American Academy of Ophthalmology web site, "Children's Eye Health and Safety" and "How Often Should I Have My Child's Eyes Screened?" National Information Center on Children and Youth With Disabilities web site, "Vision Impairments." American Foundation for the Blind web site, "Your Rights as Parents." American Federation for the Blind web site, "How Babies Learn," "Setting Limits and Building Confidence," "Education: What Families Need to Know," and "Living With Vision Loss." Prevent Blindness America web site, "Signs of Possible Eye Problems in Children," and "Guidelines for Children's Vision Health." Nemours Foundation web site, "Your Child's Vision." Blind Babies Foundation web site, "Unique Needs of Children With Visual Impairments" and "Pediatric Visual Diagnosis Fact Sheet."

Reviewed by Brian S. Boxer Wachler on March 12, 2018

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