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What vaccines are used to treat meningococcal meningitis?

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Meningococcal meningitis is a serious disease -- even with treatment. That's why prevention is a far better approach. The meningococcal vaccine can prevent meningitis infection. In the U.S., doctors use three types of meningococcal vaccines:

Although they cannot prevent all types of meningococcal disease, these vaccines can prevent many types of the disease, and are effective in nine out of 10 people. MCV4 tends to give longer protection and is better at preventing transmission of the disease.

  • Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) -- One of these vaccines, Menactra, is approved for people ages 9 months to 55. The other, Menveo, is used in those ages 2 through 55.
  • Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4) -- This vaccine was approved in the 1970s and protects against most forms of meningococcal disease. This vaccine used is for people as young as 9 months and older than age 55.
  • Serogroup B Meningococcal B - There are two MenB vaccines. Trumenba (MenB-FHbp) and Bexsero (MenB-4C). Both are licensed for ages 10 to 24, but can be used in older patients.

From: An Overview of Meningococcal Meningitis WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices (ACIP).  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: ''Meningococcal Disease: Help Prevent It.'' MedlinePlus: "Meningitis - meningococcal." CDC: "Meningococcal Vaccines: What You Need to Know." Nemours Foundation: "Meningitis." Meningitis Research Foundation: "Symptoms." National Network for Immunization Information: "Vaccine Information: Meningococcal Disease."





Reviewed by Dan Brennan on October 5, 2019

SOURCES:

Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices (ACIP).  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: ''Meningococcal Disease: Help Prevent It.'' MedlinePlus: "Meningitis - meningococcal." CDC: "Meningococcal Vaccines: What You Need to Know." Nemours Foundation: "Meningitis." Meningitis Research Foundation: "Symptoms." National Network for Immunization Information: "Vaccine Information: Meningococcal Disease."





Reviewed by Dan Brennan on October 5, 2019

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What is the recommended dose for meningococcal meningitis vaccines?

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