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What is Hib (H. influenzae type b) disease?

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At one time, Hib disease was the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in young children. Meningitis is an infection of the membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord. Bacterial meningitis can cause fever and coma, and it kills from 3% to 6% of the children who have it.

Hib can also cause:

The Hib germ is spread in droplets that come from sneezing or coughing.

  • Pneumonia
  • Epiglottitis, a throat infection that can make it hard to breathe
  • Blood, bone, or joint infection

From: Hib (H. influenzae Type B) Vaccine WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Pediatrics , published online Feb. 1, 2011.

Immunization Action Coalition: “Hib Vaccine Questions and Answers.”

The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Information Center: “A Look at Each Vaccine: Hib Vaccine.”

CDC: "Is Your Baby Protected against Hib Disease?"

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on September 08, 2018

SOURCES:

Pediatrics , published online Feb. 1, 2011.

Immunization Action Coalition: “Hib Vaccine Questions and Answers.”

The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Vaccine Information Center: “A Look at Each Vaccine: Hib Vaccine.”

CDC: "Is Your Baby Protected against Hib Disease?"

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on September 08, 2018

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Can the Hib vaccine cause Hib disease?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

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