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Which meningococcal vaccines are available?

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In the U.S., three meningococcal vaccines are available:

MPSV4 and MCV4 can prevent four types of meningococcal disease, which make up about 70% of the cases in the U.S.

The MenB vaccines prevent the Meningococcal B strain.

MCV4 is preferred for people age 55 and younger. The recommendation for teens is one dose at age 11 and one dose at age 16. The doctor or nurse injects one dose into the muscle. If MCV4 is not available, you can use MPSV4. The doctor or nurse injects one dose beneath the skin.

MPSV4 is the only meningococcal vaccine approved for use in people over 55.

The MenB vaccines are recommended for ages 10-24 by the CDC for high risk patients, but can also be used in older adults. Trumenda is given in three doses while Bexseero requires two doses.

  • Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4), sold as Menomune
  • Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4), sold as Menactra, MenHibrix, and Menveo.
  • Serogroup B meningococcal vaccine, sold as Trumenba and Bexsero.

SOURCES:

Pediatrics , published online Feb. 1, 2011.

National Meningitis Association: "About Meningococcal Disease."

CDC: "Meningococcal Vaccines: What You Need to Know," "Meningococcal Vaccination."

National Network for Immunization Information: "Important Facts for Parents to Know About the Meningococcal Vaccine." 

National Network for Immunization Information: "Vaccine Information: Meningococcal Disease," "Frequently Asked Questions about the Meningococcal Vaccine."

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on August 11, 2017

SOURCES:

Pediatrics , published online Feb. 1, 2011.

National Meningitis Association: "About Meningococcal Disease."

CDC: "Meningococcal Vaccines: What You Need to Know," "Meningococcal Vaccination."

National Network for Immunization Information: "Important Facts for Parents to Know About the Meningococcal Vaccine." 

National Network for Immunization Information: "Vaccine Information: Meningococcal Disease," "Frequently Asked Questions about the Meningococcal Vaccine."

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on August 11, 2017

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