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London Metropolitan University: “Tests find traces of faeces on popular restaurant touchscreens.”
American Journal of Infection Control: “Lifting the lid on toilet plume aerosol: A literature review with suggestions for future research.”
Applied and Environmental Microbiology: “Deposition of Bacteria and Bacterial Spores by Bathroom Hot Air Hand Dryers.”
News release, University of Westminster.
News release, Royal Society for Public Health.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings: “The Hygienic Efficacy of Different Hand-Drying Methods: A Review of the Evidence.”
CDC: "CDC study finds fecal contamination in pools," "Handwashing: A Family Activity."
Michele Hlavsa, CDC.
Microbiome: “Athletic equipment microbiota are shaped by interactions with human skin.”
ConsumerReports.org: "Protect your child from playground germs," "Germiest items in your hotel room include TV remote."
Forensic Science Technician: "50 Germiest Places in the World."
Gerba, C. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, Jan. 22, 2007.
Gerba, C. Journal of Environmental Health, March 2011.
Gerba, C. Food Protection Trends, December 2012.
Charles P. Gerba, PhD, professor, department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science, University of Arizona.
Loving, A. Journal of Environmental Health, December 2007.
Microbe World: "Microbial Analysis of Environmental Surfaces in Hotel Rooms."
Ministry Health Care: "Getting the Dirt on Germs."
NSF International: "Germiest Locations In Public Places," "Germiest Places at Schools."
University of Arizona News: "Where do germs lurk? New survey shows most Americans don't know."
University of Toronto: "Worse than toilets: hospital elevator buttons a hidden source of bacteria."
Diebold: “Diebold, Corning Pioneer World’s First Antimicrobial ATM Touch Screen.”
Yves, T. American and Environmental Microbiology, May 2008.
Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on March 29, 2019
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