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What are the treatments for stage IV colon cancer?

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Treatments include:

You may get more than one of these treatments. Your plan depends on where in your body the cancer has spread. It often spreads to the liver. It also can reach the lungs, lining of the abdomen, or lymph nodes in other parts of your body. Your doctor will recommend the treatment that's most likely to work for you. Make sure you know the risks and benefits for all your options.

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Ablation and cryotherapy
  • Targeted therapies
  • Immunotherapy

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Ablation and embolization for colorectal cancer," "Surgery for colorectal cancer," "Targeted therapy drugs for colorectal cancer," "Treatment of Colon Cancer, By Stage," "Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

American Society of Clinical Oncology: "Colorectal Cancer: Treatment Options."

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Inc.: "Bevacizumab Injection," "Cetuximab Injection," "Ramucirumab Injection."

Cancer Research UK: "Types of surgery for bowel cancer."

Colon Cancer Alliance: "Cryotherapy," "Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)."

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: "Colorectal Cancer FAQs."

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment -- for health professionals (PDQ)."

University of Southern California: "Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy (HAI)."

University of Maryland: "Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT): SIR-Spheres."

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on September 17, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Ablation and embolization for colorectal cancer," "Surgery for colorectal cancer," "Targeted therapy drugs for colorectal cancer," "Treatment of Colon Cancer, By Stage," "Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

American Society of Clinical Oncology: "Colorectal Cancer: Treatment Options."

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Inc.: "Bevacizumab Injection," "Cetuximab Injection," "Ramucirumab Injection."

Cancer Research UK: "Types of surgery for bowel cancer."

Colon Cancer Alliance: "Cryotherapy," "Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)."

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: "Colorectal Cancer FAQs."

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment -- for health professionals (PDQ)."

University of Southern California: "Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy (HAI)."

University of Maryland: "Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT): SIR-Spheres."

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on September 17, 2019

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When is surgery used for stage IV colon cancer?

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