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What chemotherapy drugs are used for colorectal cancer?

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5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the first-choice. It's used in combination with leucovorin (a vitamin), which makes it work better. You get 5-FU in a vein. A pill form of 5-FU, Xeloda, is used for colorectal cancer that has spread to other organs. Xeloda is also being used to help radiation work better. Camptosar and Eloxatin are usually combined with 5-FU or Xeloda after surgery or in the advanced setting. Drugs to treat colorectal cancer that has spread include Vectibix, Erbitux, Avastin and Aflibercept. You usually get them along with 5-FU, plus Camptosar or Eloxatin. You might take regorafenib after other drugs have stopped working.

From: Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Chemotherapy for colorectal cancer."

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ)" and "Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

 

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on November 10, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Chemotherapy for colorectal cancer."

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ)" and "Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

 

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on November 10, 2019

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What are the side effects of chemotherapy for colorectal cancer?

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