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What happens after surgery for stage IV colon cancer patients?

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If there isn't enough colon left, the surgeon will attach the end of your small intestine to the opening (ileostomy). Either way, you'll wear a pouch on the outside of your body to collect waste.

After surgery, you might have some pain. Some people have bowel problems like constipation or diarrhea. These side effects often go away. It might take a few weeks or months for your bowel habits to get back to normal after surgery.

If the tumor blocks your colon, the surgeon could put in a tube called a stent to keep the bowel open. You'll get that stent put in during a colonoscopy.

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Ablation and embolization for colorectal cancer," "Surgery for colorectal cancer," "Targeted therapy drugs for colorectal cancer," "Treatment of Colon Cancer, By Stage," "Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

American Society of Clinical Oncology: "Colorectal Cancer: Treatment Options."

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Inc.: "Bevacizumab Injection," "Cetuximab Injection," "Ramucirumab Injection."

Cancer Research UK: "Types of surgery for bowel cancer."

Colon Cancer Alliance: "Cryotherapy," "Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)."

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: "Colorectal Cancer FAQs."

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment -- for health professionals (PDQ)."

University of Southern California: "Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy (HAI)."

University of Maryland: "Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT): SIR-Spheres."

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on September 17, 2019

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Ablation and embolization for colorectal cancer," "Surgery for colorectal cancer," "Targeted therapy drugs for colorectal cancer," "Treatment of Colon Cancer, By Stage," "Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

American Society of Clinical Oncology: "Colorectal Cancer: Treatment Options."

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Inc.: "Bevacizumab Injection," "Cetuximab Injection," "Ramucirumab Injection."

Cancer Research UK: "Types of surgery for bowel cancer."

Colon Cancer Alliance: "Cryotherapy," "Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)."

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine: "Colorectal Cancer FAQs."

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment -- for health professionals (PDQ)."

University of Southern California: "Hepatic Artery Infusion Chemotherapy (HAI)."

University of Maryland: "Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT): SIR-Spheres."

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on September 17, 2019

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