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What kinds of immunotherapy helps colon cancer that has spread to your liver?

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Monoclonal antibodies, also called targeted therapies and biologics, are lab-made versions of proteins that can be targeted to the cancer. You get these drugs through an IV. They attach to certain other proteins in your body and change the way they work.

  • Cetuximab (Erbitux) and panitumumab (Vectibix) target a protein called EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor).
  • Bevacizumab (Avastin), ramucirumab (Cyramza), and ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap) target a protein called VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor.
  • Regorafenib (Stivarga), known as a kinase inhibitor, helps stop cancer cells from growing.

From: When Colon Cancer Spreads to Your Liver WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on September 29, 2017

Medically Reviewed on 09/29/2017

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Treatment of Colon Cancer by Stage," "Bevacizumab," "Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

Cancer Care: "Coping with Colorectal Cancer."

Cancer Research UK: "Surgery for Advanced Bowel Cancer," "Which treatment for advanced bowel cancer."

Johns Hopkins Liver Tumor Center: "Colorectal Liver Metastasis."

Kopetz, S.  , August 2009. Journal of Clinical Oncology

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment."

Dominello, M.  , April 2014. Annals of Palliative Medicine

Kress, M.  , published online Feb. 2, 2012. Frontiers in Oncology

University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center: "Radioembolization."

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on September 29, 2017

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: "Treatment of Colon Cancer by Stage," "Bevacizumab," "Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer."

Cancer Care: "Coping with Colorectal Cancer."

Cancer Research UK: "Surgery for Advanced Bowel Cancer," "Which treatment for advanced bowel cancer."

Johns Hopkins Liver Tumor Center: "Colorectal Liver Metastasis."

Kopetz, S.  , August 2009. Journal of Clinical Oncology

National Cancer Institute: "Colon Cancer Treatment."

Dominello, M.  , April 2014. Annals of Palliative Medicine

Kress, M.  , published online Feb. 2, 2012. Frontiers in Oncology

University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center: "Radioembolization."

Reviewed by Neha Pathak on September 29, 2017

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Are there clinical trials for colon cancer that has spread to your liver?

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