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3 Hyperopia Treatment Options You Should Know

By Marta Manning
Farsightedness can affect your quality of life and lead to other vision issues down the line. Learn which hyperopia treatments provide lasting vision correction.

Farsightedness, also called hyperopia, is a common vision problem in adults and children. If you have farsightedness, objects at a distance appear clear while nearby objects look blurry. For example, you might have trouble reading a book or sewing. Fortunately, there is a range of treatments available to correct the hyperopia.

Hyperopia results from abnormal curvature in the lens or cornea, located at the front of the eye. In some people, the eyeball is shorter than normal, while in others, the cornea is not curved enough. The uneven curvature causes light to focus behind the retina instead of directly on it, leading to blurriness of nearby objects.

After performing an eye exam and going over your general health history, your doctor may recommend one of these treatments to correct farsightedness:

1. Eyeglasses and Contacts. Corrective lenses are the most common treatment for farsightedness. Eyeglass lenses bend light, focusing it on the retina instead of behind it. This non-permanent approach eliminates or reduces blurry close-up vision while you are wearing the lenses.

According to the National Eye Institute, glasses or contacts are safe and easy to use for most people. Your doctor may prescribe corrective lenses if you are not a good candidate for surgery, cannot afford surgical procedures or want a quick and straightforward solution for your vision problems.

2. Ocular Implants. Enhancing your eyesight with a surgically implanted lens is no longer the stuff of science fiction. These days, surgeons are routinely inserting lenses into the eye to correct farsightedness. In some cases, the surgeon positions the new lens to sit in front of the eye’s natural lens. If your farsightedness is severe, your doctor may suggest removing your natural lens and replacing it with the artificial one. Intraocular lenses can be a good option if you do not qualify for LASIK, says the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

3. LASIK Surgery. If you would like a more permanent solution to farsightedness, LASIK refractive surgery may be the answer. In this procedure, a surgeon uses a laser to reshape the cornea, correcting the curvature. LASIK provides effective vision correction for mild or moderate hyperopia, according to the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health.

“Not everyone is eligible for LASIK,” Tony Ho, MD, a senior consultant eye surgeon at Clearvision Eye Clinic & LASIK Centre, tells WebMD Connect to Care. “Before doing LASIK, I would recommend you to choose the clinic and eye surgeon that you are comfortable with and schedule an evaluation to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the surgery.” 

Ho says that people with an unstable prescription, thin or irregularly-shaped corneas or overall poor health should not get LASIK surgery. Whether you are looking for a quick, temporary fix or long-term vision correction, working closely with your doctor will ensure you get the most appropriate treatment for farsightedness.

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