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How is major depression treated?

ANSWER

Talk therapy can help. You'll meet with a mental health specialist who will help you find ways to manage your depression. Antidepressants can also be useful.

When therapy and medication aren't working, other treatment options your doctor may suggest are:

  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)

SOURCES:

American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition: DSM-5, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.

National Institute of Mental Health: "What is Depression?" "What is Bipolar Disorder?" and "Brain Stimulation Therapies."

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Depression: Treatment, Services, and Support."

Cleveland Clinic: "Seasonal Depression."

University of Michigan Depression Center: "Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)."

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: "Efficacy and Safety of Screening for Postpartum Depression."

American Academy of Family Physicians. "Depression: How Electroconvulsive Therapy Works."

CDC: "The Burden of Mental Illness."

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Jan. 6, 2012.

Epperson, C.N The American Journal of Psychiatry, May 2012.

Goldberg, J. Current Psychiatry, May 2014.

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Criteria for Major Depressive Episode: DSM-5," "Psychotic Depression."

Parker, G. The American Journal of Psychiatry, September 2002.

Rothschild, A. Schizophrenia Bulletin, April 2013.

Severus, E. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders, 2013.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America: "Depression."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on October 16, 2018

SOURCES:

American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition: DSM-5, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.

National Institute of Mental Health: "What is Depression?" "What is Bipolar Disorder?" and "Brain Stimulation Therapies."

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Depression: Treatment, Services, and Support."

Cleveland Clinic: "Seasonal Depression."

University of Michigan Depression Center: "Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)."

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: "Efficacy and Safety of Screening for Postpartum Depression."

American Academy of Family Physicians. "Depression: How Electroconvulsive Therapy Works."

CDC: "The Burden of Mental Illness."

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Jan. 6, 2012.

Epperson, C.N The American Journal of Psychiatry, May 2012.

Goldberg, J. Current Psychiatry, May 2014.

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Criteria for Major Depressive Episode: DSM-5," "Psychotic Depression."

Parker, G. The American Journal of Psychiatry, September 2002.

Rothschild, A. Schizophrenia Bulletin, April 2013.

Severus, E. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders, 2013.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America: "Depression."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on October 16, 2018

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What are some other treatment options for major depression?

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