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Howare drinking and depression linked?

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The question is, does regular drinking lead to depression, or are depressed people more likely to drink too much? Both are possible.Nearly one-third of people with major depression also have an alcohol problem. Often, the depression comes first. Research shows that depressed kids are more likely to have problems with alcohol a few years down the road. Also, teens who've had a bout of major depression are twice as likely to start drinking as those who haven’t.

SOURCES:

Julien, R. , Macmillan, 2005. A Primer of Drug Action

Young-Wolff, K.C. , August 2009. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Fergusson, D.M. , 2009. Archives of General Psychiatry

National Survey on Drug Use and Health: "Depression and the Initiation of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Among Youths Aged 12 to 17."

Wang, J.C. , 2004. Human Molecular Genetics

Dixit, A.R. , 2000. The American Journal of Psychiatry

Ostacher, M.J. , 2007. Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Crum, R.M. , 2008. Archives of General Psychiatry

Graham, K. , 2007. Canadian Medical Association Journal

Sullivan, L.Y. , 2005. The American Journal of Medicine

Luo, X. Genetics, Aug. 15, 2006. Human Molecular

National Institute on Drug Abuse: "How should comorbid conditions be treated?"

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on September 12, 2016

SOURCES:

Julien, R. , Macmillan, 2005. A Primer of Drug Action

Young-Wolff, K.C. , August 2009. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Fergusson, D.M. , 2009. Archives of General Psychiatry

National Survey on Drug Use and Health: "Depression and the Initiation of Alcohol and Other Drug Use Among Youths Aged 12 to 17."

Wang, J.C. , 2004. Human Molecular Genetics

Dixit, A.R. , 2000. The American Journal of Psychiatry

Ostacher, M.J. , 2007. Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Crum, R.M. , 2008. Archives of General Psychiatry

Graham, K. , 2007. Canadian Medical Association Journal

Sullivan, L.Y. , 2005. The American Journal of Medicine

Luo, X. Genetics, Aug. 15, 2006. Human Molecular

National Institute on Drug Abuse: "How should comorbid conditions be treated?"

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on September 12, 2016

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