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What is transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)?

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TMS is used for depression that hasn’t responded to other treatments. It uses a magnetic field to create a small electric current in a specific part of the brain without causing seizure or loss of consciousness.

TMS works best in people who’ve tried no more than one antidepressant without success. You’ll be awake during the treatment and don’t need to stay in the hospital overnight. You may need four or five treatments a week for four to six weeks.

Research has shown that TMS produces few side effects and is both safe and effective for medication-resistant depression.

SOURCES:

National Institute of Mental Health: "What is Depression?" ''Brain Stimulation Therapies.''

FDA: "The Lowdown on Depression."

American Psychiatric Association, Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Major Depression, 2000.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5.

Fieve, R, MD. Bipolar II, Rodale Books, 2006.

Connelly, KR. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, April 2012.

Carpenter, LL. Depression and anxiety, July 2012.

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on September 4, 2020

SOURCES:

National Institute of Mental Health: "What is Depression?" ''Brain Stimulation Therapies.''

FDA: "The Lowdown on Depression."

American Psychiatric Association, Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Major Depression, 2000.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5.

Fieve, R, MD. Bipolar II, Rodale Books, 2006.

Connelly, KR. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, April 2012.

Carpenter, LL. Depression and anxiety, July 2012.

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on September 4, 2020

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What alternative treatments are used to treat depression?

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