Next Slideshow Title
IMAGES PROVIDED BY:
(1) Jose Luis Pelaez, Inc. / Blend Images
(2) Image Source / Getty Images
(3) UpperCut Images / Photolibrary
(4) Image Source / Getty Images
(5) Leland Bobbe / The Image Bank
(6) Hemera / Thinkstock
(7) Helen McArdle / Photo Researchers, Inc.
(8) Christopher Robbins / Photodisc
(9) Comstock / Getty Images
(10) Andrea Pistolesi / Riser
(11) Laurence Mouton / Photolibrary
(12) Bernhard Lang / The Image Bank
Black, D. Journal of American Psychiatry, July 1998; vol 155: pp 960-963.
Jon Grant, MD, professor of psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Ridgway, N. Journal of Consumer Research, December 2008; vol 35(4).
Debbara Dingman, PhD, clinical psychologist; adjunct faculty, Georgia State University; faculty, Pine River Psychotherapy Institute; Atlanta.
MedicineNet: "Too Depressed to Remember."
Mayo Clinic: "Memory Loss: When to Seek Help."
Morrison, C. Psychopathology, 2010; vol 43(2): pp 121-126.
Leeds University: "Excessive Internet Use is Linked to Depression."
Young, K. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 1998; vol 1(1): pp 25-28.
NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK): "Binge Eating Disorder."
Needham, B. American Journal of Public Health, June 2010; vol 100(6): pp 1040-1046.
University of Alabama at Birmingham: "UAB Study Confirms Link Between Depression, Abdominal Obesity."
Lamontagne, Y. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2000, vol 45: pp 63-66.
DePaulo, J. Raymond and Horvitz, Leslie Alan. Understanding Depression, John Wiley and Sons, 2002, p. 127.
The National Association for Shoplifting Prevention: "Psychological Studies on Shoplifting and Kleptomania."
Sullivan, M. Pain, February 1993; vol 52(2): p 249.
Spine-Health: "Depression and Chronic Back Pain."
Khan, M. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine, July 2009; vol 163(7): pp 644-652.
Dartmouth College: "Signs of Clinical Depression."
University of Melbourne: "Depression a Serious Contributing Factor to Problem Gambling – Experts Report."
McCormick, R. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1984; vol 141: pp 215-218.
Cunningham-Williams, R. American Journal of Public Health, July 1998; vol 88(7): pp 1093-1095.
CDC: "Depression and Smoking in the U.S. Household Population Aged 20 and Over, 2005-2008."
Reviewed by Jennifer Casarella on August 03, 2020
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
View our slideshows to learn more about your health.