Diet Tips for Women With Gestational Diabetes

When you have gestational diabetes, you’ll have to pay attention to what you eat and when. Your doctor or a dietitian can give you specific advice on how much you should eat and when you need to check your blood sugar.

General Guidelines

Have three small meals along with two or three snacks at about the same times every day.

Get 40% of your daily calories from carbs and 20% from protein. 50% of the carbs should be complex, high fiber carbs with fat being between 25% and 30%.

Aim for 20-35 grams of fiber a day. Foods such as whole-grain breads, cereals, and pasta, brown or wild rice, oatmeal, and vegetables and fruits will help get you there.

Limit your total fat to less than 40% of your daily calories. Saturated fat should be less than 10% of all the fat you eat.

Eat a variety of foods to make sure you get enough vitamins and minerals. You may need to take a supplement to cover your bases. Ask your doctor if they think you should take one.

If You Have Morning Sickness

Eat some crackers, cereal, or pretzels before you get out of bed. As you go through your day, have small meals often and avoid fatty, fried, and greasy foods.

If you take insulin, make sure you've got a plan to deal with low blood sugar. Throwing up can make your glucose level drop. Talk to your doctor if you're not sure what to do.

WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Nivin Todd, MD on March 28, 2019



American Diabetes Association: "Gestational Diabetes” and “What is Gestational Diabetes?”

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: "Gestational Diabetes: A Guide for Pregnant Women."

American College of Nurse Midwives: "Gestational Diabetes."

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