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What are some tendon problems someone with diabetes can get?

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Tendons are made from a protein called collagen. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) form a bond with collagen that can change the tendons' structure and affect how well they work. For instance, they could get thicker than normal and might not be able to hold as much weight as they used to. As a result, your odds of getting a tear in one of your tendons go up. Some tendon problems you could get if you don't get your diabetes under control include:

  • Frozen shoulder: Stiffness and pain that happens when a capsule that surrounds tendons and ligaments in your joint thickens up.
  • Rotator cuff tears: Damage to the tendons and muscles that surround your shoulder joint, including the supraspinatus muscle.
  • Trigger finger: Your finger becomes stuck in a bent position and straightens with a snap, like the sound of a trigger being pulled.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome: You get numbness, tingling, and weakness in your wrist because of pressure on the nerve that runs through it.
  • Dupuytren's contracture: Thickening of the tissue under the skin of your hand that causes your fingers to bend in toward your palm.

SOURCES:

American Diabetes Association: "Blood glucose control and exercise," "Tight Diabetes Control."

American Journal of Sports Medicine : "The influence of diabetes mellitus on clinical and structural outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair."

British Journal of Sports Medicine: "Is there an association between tendinopathy and diabetes mellitus? A systematic review with meta-analysis."

Diabetic Medicine : "Alterations of tendons in patients with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review."

Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Trust: "Joint, Muscle and Bone Problems Associated with Diabetes."

Mayo Clinic: "Diabetes: Complications," "Frozen Shoulder."

Reeves, Christopher L. Tendon Repairs and Transfers for the Foot and Ankle.

Rheumatology : "Occurrence of tendon pathologies in metabolic disorders."

Spine: "Effects of epidural steroid injections on blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes mellitus."

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on May 18, 2019

SOURCES:

American Diabetes Association: "Blood glucose control and exercise," "Tight Diabetes Control."

American Journal of Sports Medicine : "The influence of diabetes mellitus on clinical and structural outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair."

British Journal of Sports Medicine: "Is there an association between tendinopathy and diabetes mellitus? A systematic review with meta-analysis."

Diabetic Medicine : "Alterations of tendons in patients with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review."

Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Trust: "Joint, Muscle and Bone Problems Associated with Diabetes."

Mayo Clinic: "Diabetes: Complications," "Frozen Shoulder."

Reeves, Christopher L. Tendon Repairs and Transfers for the Foot and Ankle.

Rheumatology : "Occurrence of tendon pathologies in metabolic disorders."

Spine: "Effects of epidural steroid injections on blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes mellitus."

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on May 18, 2019

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What are four things someone with diabetes should do every day?

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