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What are the risk factors for diabetic retinopathy?

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If you have any form of diabetes -- type 1, type 2, or gestational -- you may get diabetic retinopathy. Your chance goes up the longer you have diabetes. As many as 45%lmost half of Americans diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy. Only about half of them know they have this disease. Women who have diabetes or get it during pregnancy may have fast-onset or progressive diabetic retinopathy.

Other things that can raise your odds of diabetic retinopathy include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Tobacco use
  • Being African- American, Hispanic, or Native American

SOURCES:

National Eye Institute: “Facts About Diabetic Eye Disease,” “How is macular edema treated?”

Cleveland Clinic: “Diabetic Retinopathy.”

American Academy of Ophthalmology: “Diabetic Retinopathy?”

National Eye Institute: Mayo Clinic: “Diabetic retinopathy.”

CDC: “Common Eye Disorders.”

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on June 22, 2021

SOURCES:

National Eye Institute: “Facts About Diabetic Eye Disease,” “How is macular edema treated?”

Cleveland Clinic: “Diabetic Retinopathy.”

American Academy of Ophthalmology: “Diabetic Retinopathy?”

National Eye Institute: Mayo Clinic: “Diabetic retinopathy.”

CDC: “Common Eye Disorders.”

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on June 22, 2021

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What are the complications of diabetic retinopathy?

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