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What are the two types of diabetes?

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There are two types of diabetes:

  • If you have type 1 diabetes, your body doesn't have enough insulin. The immune system attacks and destroys cells of the pancreas, where insulin is made.
  • If you have type 2 diabetes, the cells don't respond to insulin like they should. So, the pancreas needs to make more and more insulin to move glucose into the cells. Eventually, the pancreas is damaged and can't make enough insulin to meet the body's needs.

From: What Is Glucose? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Diabetes Association: "The Liver's Role: How It Processes Fats and Carbs."

American Foundation for the Blind: "What is the Difference Between Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia?"

Group Health: "How Our Bodies Turn Food Into Energy."

Insel, P. 2004. Nutrition,

Joslin Diabetes Center: "Goals for Blood Glucose Control," "High Blood Glucose: What it Means and How to Treat it."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes," "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2."

NCBI: "Molecular Biology of the Cell, 4th Edition."

UCSF: "The Liver & Blood Sugar."

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on August 13, 2016

SOURCES:

American Diabetes Association: "The Liver's Role: How It Processes Fats and Carbs."

American Foundation for the Blind: "What is the Difference Between Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia?"

Group Health: "How Our Bodies Turn Food Into Energy."

Insel, P. 2004. Nutrition,

Joslin Diabetes Center: "Goals for Blood Glucose Control," "High Blood Glucose: What it Means and How to Treat it."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes," "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2."

NCBI: "Molecular Biology of the Cell, 4th Edition."

UCSF: "The Liver & Blood Sugar."

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on August 13, 2016

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What is hyperglycemia related to glucose?

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