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What is albuminuria?

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When kidneys become damaged, they start to leak protein in the urine. One of these is called albumin. This is a small, abundant protein in the blood that passes through the kidney filter into the urine easier than other proteins. Albuminuria, or excessive protein leakage into the urine, occurs in about 30%-45% of people who have had type 1 diabetes for at least 10 years. In people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, the kidneys may already show signs of small amounts of protein spillage, called microalbuminuria. This may be from the result of diabetes or from other diseases seen in conjunction with diabetes, like high blood pressure. Protein in the urine increases the risk of developing end-stage kidney disease. It also means that the person is at a particularly high risk for the development of cardiovascular disease.

From: Glossary of Diabetes Terms WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. xylitol.org. News release, FDA.

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on February 17, 2019

SOURCES: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. xylitol.org. News release, FDA.

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on February 17, 2019

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