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What is an exchange meal plan for type 1 diabetes?

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With an “exchange plan,” your child’s menu will include the amount he can eat from six different food groups: starch, fruit, milk, fat, vegetables, and meat. One food can be exchanged for another with the same amount of calories, protein, carbs, and fats. In children with type 1 diabetes, dietitians often will focus on carb exchanges since this affects blood sugar levels the most. You can find exchange lists online.

SOURCES:

American Diabetes Association: “Nutrition Principles and Recommendations in Diabetes.”

KidsHealth.org: “Meal Planning Goals,” “Carbohydrates and Diabetes, “Meal Plans: What Kids With Diabetes Need to Know,” “Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis,” “Hypoglycemia.”

Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth: “Pediatric Diabetes Education: Nutrition and Meal Planning.”

International Diabetes Federation: “Carbohydrate Counting for Children With Diabetes.”

University of Maryland Medical Center: “Diabetes Diet – Type 1.”

Diabetes Teaching Center at the University of California San Francisco: “Understanding Fiber.”

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on October 15, 2019

SOURCES:

American Diabetes Association: “Nutrition Principles and Recommendations in Diabetes.”

KidsHealth.org: “Meal Planning Goals,” “Carbohydrates and Diabetes, “Meal Plans: What Kids With Diabetes Need to Know,” “Hyperglycemia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis,” “Hypoglycemia.”

Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth: “Pediatric Diabetes Education: Nutrition and Meal Planning.”

International Diabetes Federation: “Carbohydrate Counting for Children With Diabetes.”

University of Maryland Medical Center: “Diabetes Diet – Type 1.”

Diabetes Teaching Center at the University of California San Francisco: “Understanding Fiber.”

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli on October 15, 2019

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What foods should my child with type 1 diabetes avoid?

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