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What is atherosclerosis?

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Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arteries caused by deposits of cholesterol in the arterial walls. These so-called "plaques" can build up and cause narrowing of the arteries, which decreases the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart, especially during times of increased activity. The plaques could also can become fragile and break off, leading to the formation of blood clots that cause heart attacks and strokes.

From: Glossary of Diabetes Terms WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. xylitol.org. News release, FDA.

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on February 17, 2019

SOURCES: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. xylitol.org. News release, FDA.

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on February 17, 2019

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What is an autoantibody test?

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