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What is insulin resistance?

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Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin. It's what lets your cells turn glucose from the food you eat into energy. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells don't use it as well as they should. Doctors call this insulin resistance.

At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to try to get glucose into the cells. But eventually it can't keep up, and the sugar builds up in your blood instead.

SOURCES:  

American Diabetes Association: "Statistics About Diabetes," "Type 1 Diabetes," "Type 2," "Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Diabetes in Children and Teens."

Cleveland Clinic: "Diabetes Learning Module," "Preventing Diabetes Complications."

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Causes of Diabetes."

International Diabetes Federation: "Prevention," "Complications of Diabetes."

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: "Simple Steps to Preventing Diabetes."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Am I at risk for type 2 diabetes?"

Joslin Diabetes Center: "Common Questions About Type 2 Diabetes."

Carolinas HealthCare System: "Yeast Infections and Diabetes: What You Should Know."

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on June 12, 2019

SOURCES:  

American Diabetes Association: "Statistics About Diabetes," "Type 1 Diabetes," "Type 2," "Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Diabetes in Children and Teens."

Cleveland Clinic: "Diabetes Learning Module," "Preventing Diabetes Complications."

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Causes of Diabetes."

International Diabetes Federation: "Prevention," "Complications of Diabetes."

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health: "Simple Steps to Preventing Diabetes."

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: "Am I at risk for type 2 diabetes?"

Joslin Diabetes Center: "Common Questions About Type 2 Diabetes."

Carolinas HealthCare System: "Yeast Infections and Diabetes: What You Should Know."

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger on June 12, 2019

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How does body weight affect type 2 diabetes?

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