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What tests do doctors use to find out if you have diabetes?

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  • Doctors use these tests to find out if you have diabetes: Fasting plasma glucose test. The doctor tests your blood sugar levels after fasting for eight hours and it’s higher than 126 mg/dL.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test. After fasting for eight hours, you get a special sugary drink. Two hours later your sugar level is higher than 200. Random check. The doctor tests your blood sugar and it’s higher than 200, plus you’re urinating more, always thirsty, and you’ve gained or lost a significant amount of weight. Your doctor will then do a fasting sugar level test or an oral glucose tolerance test to confirm the diagnosis.

SOURCES:

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2."

American Diabetes Association: "Checking Your Blood Glucose;" "Type 2 Diabetes Complications;" and ''National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011.''

Robertson, R. 2003. Diabetes,

Brownlee, M. 1994. Diabetes,

Wautier, J. 1994. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA,

Christiansen, J. "What Is Normal Glucose?" presentation at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting, September 13, 2006.

Fuller, J. 1980. Lancet,

Riddle, M. 1990. Diabetes Care,

Rao, S. 2004. American Family Physician,

MedlinePlus: "Hypoglycemia."

Cryer, P. 1993. American Journal of Physiology,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 10, 2018

SOURCES:

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2."

American Diabetes Association: "Checking Your Blood Glucose;" "Type 2 Diabetes Complications;" and ''National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011.''

Robertson, R. 2003. Diabetes,

Brownlee, M. 1994. Diabetes,

Wautier, J. 1994. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA,

Christiansen, J. "What Is Normal Glucose?" presentation at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting, September 13, 2006.

Fuller, J. 1980. Lancet,

Riddle, M. 1990. Diabetes Care,

Rao, S. 2004. American Family Physician,

MedlinePlus: "Hypoglycemia."

Cryer, P. 1993. American Journal of Physiology,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 10, 2018

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What are four things someone with diabetes should do every day?

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