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Why are high blood sugar levels bad for you?

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High blood sugar levels slowly make it harder for cells in your pancreas to make insulin. Your pancreas then tries to make up for it and insulin levels stay too high. Over time, the pancreas is permanently damaged.  High levels of blood sugar also can cause changes that lead to a hardening of the blood vessels, what doctors call atherosclerosis.

SOURCES:

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2."

American Diabetes Association: "Checking Your Blood Glucose;" "Type 2 Diabetes Complications;" and ''National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011.''

Robertson, R. 2003. Diabetes,

Brownlee, M. 1994. Diabetes,

Wautier, J. 1994. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA,

Christiansen, J. "What Is Normal Glucose?" presentation at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting, September 13, 2006.

Fuller, J. 1980. Lancet,

Riddle, M. 1990. Diabetes Care,

Rao, S. 2004. American Family Physician,

MedlinePlus: "Hypoglycemia."

Cryer, P. 1993. American Journal of Physiology,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 10, 2018

SOURCES:

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2."

American Diabetes Association: "Checking Your Blood Glucose;" "Type 2 Diabetes Complications;" and ''National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011.''

Robertson, R. 2003. Diabetes,

Brownlee, M. 1994. Diabetes,

Wautier, J. 1994. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA,

Christiansen, J. "What Is Normal Glucose?" presentation at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting, September 13, 2006.

Fuller, J. 1980. Lancet,

Riddle, M. 1990. Diabetes Care,

Rao, S. 2004. American Family Physician,

MedlinePlus: "Hypoglycemia."

Cryer, P. 1993. American Journal of Physiology,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 10, 2018

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What are four things someone with diabetes should do every day?

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